Metal-insulator transition and Cu K-edge XANES studies for Pr1.85Ce0.15CuO4+δ high-Tc superconductors

Y. Y. Hsu, B. N. Lin, J. F. Lee, L. Y. Jang, H. C. Ku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Metal-insulator transition near oxygen content parameter δ ≃ 0.018 was observed for electron-doped Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO4+δ (-0.003 ≤ δ ≤ 0.03 cuprates. Cu K -edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) studies with nearly identical threshold edge energy Eo of 8980.8 eV indicate a Cu formal valence smaller than 2 for all samples, which is consistent with the estimated Cu valence of ∼ 1.84 for 20.5 K superconductor Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO3.997 and ∼ 1.91 for Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO4.03 insulator. The XANES spectrum reflects the Cu 3dn character where low energy peak A1 reflects the 3d10 configuration of Cu(I) oxidation state and A2 peak reflects the 3d10 L (L for a oxygen ligand hole) configuration for Cu(II) oxidation state. The variation of energy separation Δ E (A2-A1) is consistent with the observed metal-insulator transition, increases sharply from 2.42 e V for Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO4.018 insulator to 2.74 e V for 15 K underdoped superconductor Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO4.015.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-347
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume131
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May

Fingerprint

Metal insulator transition
X ray absorption
Superconducting materials
insulators
Oxygen
Oxidation
metals
x rays
Ligands
valence
oxidation
Electrons
oxygen
configurations
cuprates
energy
ligands
thresholds
electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Metal-insulator transition and Cu K-edge XANES studies for Pr1.85Ce0.15CuO4+δ high-Tc superconductors. / Hsu, Y. Y.; Lin, B. N.; Lee, J. F.; Jang, L. Y.; Ku, H. C.

In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 131, No. 3-4, 05.2003, p. 343-347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hsu, Y. Y. ; Lin, B. N. ; Lee, J. F. ; Jang, L. Y. ; Ku, H. C. / Metal-insulator transition and Cu K-edge XANES studies for Pr1.85Ce0.15CuO4+δ high-Tc superconductors. In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 2003 ; Vol. 131, No. 3-4. pp. 343-347.
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AB - Metal-insulator transition near oxygen content parameter δ ≃ 0.018 was observed for electron-doped Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO4+δ (-0.003 ≤ δ ≤ 0.03 cuprates. Cu K -edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) studies with nearly identical threshold edge energy Eo of 8980.8 eV indicate a Cu formal valence smaller than 2 for all samples, which is consistent with the estimated Cu valence of ∼ 1.84 for 20.5 K superconductor Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO3.997 and ∼ 1.91 for Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO4.03 insulator. The XANES spectrum reflects the Cu 3dn character where low energy peak A1 reflects the 3d10 configuration of Cu(I) oxidation state and A2 peak reflects the 3d10 L (L for a oxygen ligand hole) configuration for Cu(II) oxidation state. The variation of energy separation Δ E (A2-A1) is consistent with the observed metal-insulator transition, increases sharply from 2.42 e V for Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO4.018 insulator to 2.74 e V for 15 K underdoped superconductor Pr1.85 Ce0.15 CuO4.015.

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