Max Fast Fourier Transform (maxFFT) Clustering Approach for Classifying Indoor Air Quality

Ka Ui Chu, Yao Hua Ho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Air pollution is a severe problem for the global environment. Most people spend 80% to 90% of the day indoors; therefore, indoor air pollution is as important as outdoor air pollution. The problem is more severe on school campuses. There are several ways to improve indoor air quality, such as air cleaners or ventilation. Air-quality sensors can be used to detect indoor air quality in real time to turn on air cleaner or ventilation. With an efficient and accurate clustering technique for indoor air-quality data, different ventilation strategies can be applied to achieve a better ventilation policy with accurate prediction results to improve indoor air quality. This study aims to cluster the indoor air quality data (i.e., CO2 level) collected from the school campus in Taiwan without other external information, such as geographical location or field usage. In this paper, we propose the Max Fast Fourier Transform (maxFFT) Clustering Approach to classify indoor air quality to improve the efficiency of the clustering and extract the required feature. The results show that without using geographical information or field usage, the clustering results can correctly reflect the ventilation condition of the space with low computation time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1375
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept


  • clustering
  • fast Fourier transform
  • indoor air quality
  • time series data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science


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