Maternity staff perspectives regarding resource demands of breastfeeding supportive practices in accordance with the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative accreditation: A Q methodology approach

Chiu Mieh Huang, Wei Shu Hung, Jung Nien Lai, Yu Hsiu Kao, Ching Ling Wang, Jong Long Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To explore the resource demands of implementing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative among maternity staff. Background: Implementing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative is the most recognized global strategy for ensuring that hospital routines support breastfeeding. The maternity services of Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative accredited hospitals are evaluated according to the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Design: Q methodology was applied to investigate the perspectives of 60 maternity staff in Northern Taiwan. Methods: Data were collected from May - December 2014. An online Q-sort platform was designed for the participants to perform sorting. The Q-sorts were subjected to factor analysis by using PQ Method software. Factors were extracted using principal component analysis with a varimax rotation. A combination of eigenvalues and a scree plot were employed to determine the number of retained factors. Results: Four factors retained in the final model accounted for 56% of the total variance: (1) emphasis on implementing an institutional policy; (2) emphasis on providing supportive practices for breastfeeding mothers; (3) emphasis on establishing continual breastfeeding support; and (4) emphasis on managing breastfeeding supportive practices concerning a designated time period. The participants that were associated with Factors 1 and 3 emphasized the necessity of allocating resources to Steps 1, 2 and 10 of the Ten Steps. The participants associated with Factors 2 and 4 emphasized allocating resources to Steps 2-5 and 7. Conclusions: This study revealed the various perspectives of maternity staff regarding the resource demands of implementing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. These perspectives may serve as a reference for decision-makers in prioritizing resource allocation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1312
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1



  • Accreditation
  • Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative
  • Breastfeeding
  • Nursing
  • Q methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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