Males are not as active as females in online discussion

Gender differences in face-to-face and online discussion strategies

Meng Jung Tsai, Jyh Chong Liang, Huei Tse Hou, Chin Chung Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the gender difference in students' perceived discussion strategies in face-to-face and online asynchronous contexts. A survey of 363 university students and follow-up interviews of 20 participants was conducted to examine any gender differences within each context and between the two contexts. The Discussion Strategies Scale was developed to examine students' discussion strategies for both contexts in four dimensions: comprehension, interaction, elaboration and anxiety. The results show that no gender difference was found within the face-to-face context; however, within the online asynchronous context, the females perceived themselves better than did the males regarding their elaboration strategies. Although both genders experienced less anxiety in asynchronous discussion, the males perceived themselves as having better strategies in face-to-face discussion than in asynchronous discussion and the females perceived themselves as having about the same level of sophistication in both contexts. This study provides an in-depth observation of how both genders adapt themselves to different discussion contexts. We conclude that female students adapted themselves, as strategic learners, better than the males in asynchronous learning situations in which the male students were not as active as they were in traditional face-to-face discussion contexts. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-277
Number of pages15
JournalAustralasian Journal of Educational Technology
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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gender-specific factors
student
anxiety
learning situation
gender
educational technology
female student
comprehension
university
interaction
interview

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Males are not as active as females in online discussion : Gender differences in face-to-face and online discussion strategies. / Tsai, Meng Jung; Liang, Jyh Chong; Hou, Huei Tse; Tsai, Chin Chung.

In: Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 01.01.2015, p. 263-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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