Magnetic studies of ultrathin cobalt layers on a Ge(1 0 0) surface

J. S. Tsay*, Y. D. Yao, T. K. Tseng, C. S. Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present the magnetic properties of ultrathin Co films deposited at 120 and 300 K on a Ge(1 0 0) surface. As deposited at 120 K, coercive force increases monotonically from 30 to 70Oe as the coverage of the cobalt film increases from 8 to 28 monolayers (M L). No Kerr intensity has been observed for samples with Co thickness below 5 ML. However, this nonmagnetic Co layer increases to 12 ML as the substrate temperature increases to 300 K, and the coercive force is roughly 15±5Oe lower than the sample with the same thickness deposited at 120 K. This could be attributed to the thermal annealing effect. From the linear extrapolation of the Kerr intensity below 28 ML, the nonmagnetic behavior of the initial deposit (∼5 ML) is attributed to the formation of nonmagnetic Co-Ge compound at the interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-297
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Feb
Externally publishedYes


  • Cobalt
  • Germanium
  • Magnetic hysteresis
  • Magneto-optical Kerr effect
  • Ultrathin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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