Magnetic properties and microscopic structures of ultrathin Co/√3 × √3 - R30°-Ag/Si(111) films

Jyh Shen Tsay, Tsu Yi Fu*, Chih Kuei Kao, Xiao Lan Huang, Jyh Ron Shue, Wei Hsiang Chen, Yeong Der Yao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Combined scanning tunneling microscopy and surface magneto-optic Kerr effect studies were employed to study the relation between magnetic properties and the microscopic interfacial structures of ultrathin Co/√3 × √3 - R30°-Ag/Si(111) films. On the top of √3 × √3 - R30°-Ag/Si(111), pure Co clusters formed without disrupting the √3 × √3 - R30° structure of the Ag buffer layer. The great strain due to the large mismatch between Co and the substrate influenced the nucleation of Co atoms to form large clusters. No magnetic hysteresis in the polar configuration was observed for films thinner than 10 monolayers. The easy axis of magnetization was in the surface plane. Capping √3 × √3 - R30°-Ag on top of the Si(111) surface before the deposition of the Co overlayers can efficiently reduce the nonferromagnetic Co-Si compound to zero thickness. For Co coverage between 2.9 and 4.2 monolayers, a lower Curie temperature was observed in ultrathin films. Due to the existence of a smooth interface between Co and the √3 × √3 - R30°-Ag buffer, the coercivity for Co/√3 × √3 - R30°-Ag/Si(111) is smaller than that for Co/Si(111).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1792-1796
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul


  • Cobalt
  • Silicon
  • Slcanning tunneling microscopy
  • Surface magneto-optic Kerr effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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