Magmatic sulfide and fe-ti oxide deposits associated with mafic-ultramafic intrusions in China

Kwan Nang Pang, J. Gregory Shellnutt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Citations (Scopus)


Major occurrences of orthomagmatic sulfide and Fe-Ti oxide deposits in China fall into two distinct groups based on the dominant ore minerals and commodities: magmatic sulfide deposits that produce Ni, Cu, and in some cases platinum-group elements, and magmatic oxide deposits that produce Fe, Ti, and in some cases V and P. Many of the deposits are associated with major episodes of intracontinental magmatism giving rise to large igneous provinces, although some of them appear to have formed without the involvement of mantle plumes. Substantial effort has been made in the last decade to investigate petrogenetic and ore genetic processes using the deposits as natural laboratories. The Chinese magmatic Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposits represent dynamic magma plumbing systems. Magmatic Fe-Ti-(V)-(P) oxide deposits remain more enigmatic in terms of ore genesis, and the long-lasting debate over whether oxide accumulated as crystalline Fe-Ti spinel or immiscible Fe-Ti oxide melt does not appear to be resolved.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcesses and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic-Mafic Magmas through Space and Time
Number of pages29
ISBN (Electronic)9780128111598
ISBN (Print)9780128111604
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1


  • China
  • Fe-ti oxides
  • Large igneous province
  • Mafic-ultramafic intrusion
  • Magmatism
  • Sulfide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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