To meet the requirement of distributed video coding in resource-limited sensor networks, Wyner-Ziv theorem-based source coding with side information available at the decoder states that an intraframe encoder with interframe decoder system can achieve comparable coding efficiency of a conventional video codec. Most existing Wyner-Ziv video coding systems are with light encoder and heavy decoder. In this paper, a new content-aware media hash-based Wyner-Ziv video codec with light encoder and light decoder is proposed. The key is that the significant differences between a video frame and its reference frame are efficiently extracted and used for frame recovery based on robust image hashing without needing to perform motion estimation. The particular contribution of our method is its low complexity in both the encoder and decoder sides. Simulation results demonstrate the achievable coding efficiency of our method in particular for videos with small and middle motions.