Ru-Pd nanoparticles (NPs) with Pt atomic cluster modification were synthesized using polyol reactions with a sequence design. Such modification resulted in the formation of Ru in the inner core and Pd on the outer shell structure (Rucore-Pdshell) via transmetalation between the Pt ion and Pd atom followed by thermal reduction. The Pt modified Rucore-Pdshell NPs improve the on-set potential by 0.041 volt and reduce Pt loading to less than ∼2%, as compared with that of carbon supported Pt NPs. For the optimum case, the MA (current degradation) of Ru-Pd NPs is improved (suppressed) by ∼345% (18.1%) in the accelerated degradation test (ADT) at 0.85 volt (vs. RHE) for 5000 cycles by intercalating Pt clusters (2 to 9 at%) in the NP surface. These improvements are attributed to the electron localization and reinforcement by surface Pt clusters, which facilitated the oxygen reduction activity and chemical durability of NPs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)