Local heterojunctions of atomic Pt clusters boost the oxygen reduction activity of Rucore@Pdshell nanocrystallites

Jeng Han Wang, Kuan Wen Wang, Tian Lin Chen, Chia Hsin Wang, Yu Ming Huang, Yang Yang Hsu, Tsan Yao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ru-Pd nanoparticles (NPs) with Pt atomic cluster modification were synthesized using polyol reactions with a sequence design. Such modification resulted in the formation of Ru in the inner core and Pd on the outer shell structure (Rucore-Pdshell) via transmetalation between the Pt ion and Pd atom followed by thermal reduction. The Pt modified Rucore-Pdshell NPs improve the on-set potential by 0.041 volt and reduce Pt loading to less than ∼2%, as compared with that of carbon supported Pt NPs. For the optimum case, the MA (current degradation) of Ru-Pd NPs is improved (suppressed) by ∼345% (18.1%) in the accelerated degradation test (ADT) at 0.85 volt (vs. RHE) for 5000 cycles by intercalating Pt clusters (2 to 9 at%) in the NP surface. These improvements are attributed to the electron localization and reinforcement by surface Pt clusters, which facilitated the oxygen reduction activity and chemical durability of NPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17848-17856
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume4
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

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Nanocrystallites
Heterojunctions
Oxygen
Nanoparticles
Degradation
Polyols
Reinforcement
Durability
Carbon
Ions
Atoms
Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Local heterojunctions of atomic Pt clusters boost the oxygen reduction activity of Rucore@Pdshell nanocrystallites. / Wang, Jeng Han; Wang, Kuan Wen; Chen, Tian Lin; Wang, Chia Hsin; Huang, Yu Ming; Hsu, Yang Yang; Chen, Tsan Yao.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, No. 45, 01.01.2016, p. 17848-17856.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Jeng Han ; Wang, Kuan Wen ; Chen, Tian Lin ; Wang, Chia Hsin ; Huang, Yu Ming ; Hsu, Yang Yang ; Chen, Tsan Yao. / Local heterojunctions of atomic Pt clusters boost the oxygen reduction activity of Rucore@Pdshell nanocrystallites. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2016 ; Vol. 4, No. 45. pp. 17848-17856.
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AU - Wang, Kuan Wen

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AU - Huang, Yu Ming

AU - Hsu, Yang Yang

AU - Chen, Tsan Yao

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