Long QT syndrome (LQT) is a cardiovascular disorder causing syncope and sudden death from arrhythmias. Mutations in KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1, KCNE2, and SCN5A genes encoding cardiac potassium and sodium ion channels cause LQT. Two Taiwanese LQT families were screened for mutations in these ion channel genes. In family H87, the diagnosis was made in the 25-year-old female proband and six family members based on recurrent syncope and/or a prolonged QT interval. Genotyping revealed a novel nonsense mutation, R744X (C to T transition in codon 744), in the KCNH2 potassium channel gene, resulting in truncation of the putative cyclic nucleotide-binding domain and C-terminal region of the HERG K+-channel in all affected family members. The mutation was confirmed by DdeI endonuclease digestion of the DNA from each family member. The 26-year-old female proband in family L89 developed repeated syncope with QTc of 0.61 seconds. After linkage and mutation analysis, the syndrome in this family was associated with a novel KCNQ1 missense mutation, T309I, causing the substitution of a threonine residue at position 309, in the pore region of the KvLQT1 K+-channel, with an isoleucine. By Tsp45I restriction analysis, the mutation was noted in the proband and the proband's asymptomatic brother, but was not detected in 100 unrelated normal individuals. Identification of a mutation has clinical implications for presymptomatic diagnosis and therapy.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Dec 1|
- Long QT syndrome
- Potassium channel
ASJC Scopus subject areas