5-Amino-1,10-phenanthroline (denoted phen-NH2) and its iron(II) complex, Fe(phen-NH2)32+, were prepared as polymer modified electrodes for electrochemical studies. According to the cyclic voltammograms and in situ electrochemical quartz-crystal-microbalance spectra (EQCM) recorded for Fe(phen-NH2)32+, phen-NH2 and 1,10-phenanthroline (denoted phen), Fe(phen-NH2)32+ can be immobilized on the Pt-sputtered crystal electrode via an anodic polymerization. This polymerization is likely to be initiated by the oxidation of the amino group in the ligand. Although phen-NH2 can also be polymerized on the electrode surface, the resulting polymer film is less stable compared with its iron derivative. The poly[Fe(phen-NH2)32+] electrode showed a significant sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide, leading to a linear calibration curve up to 10 mM at pH 5. The detection limits reached a level of 10 μM. The rate constant (pseudo-first-order) of the reaction between the reduced poly[Fe(phen-NH2)32+] and H2O2 was determined to be 470 M-1 s-1 at this pH. Due to this catalytic property, a glucose sensor was developed. Although experiments suggested that some catalytic sites in the polymer film might be buried by the bulky enzyme (GOx), this modified electrode showed a significant ability in the detection of glucose. The linear sensitivity covered a range of 0.1-60 mM at pH 5. The detection limits reached a level of 0.1 mM.
- Chemically modified electrode
- Hydrogen peroxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)