Investigating the therapeutic effects of novel compounds targeting inflammatory IL-1β and IL-6 signaling pathways in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3

I. Cheng Chen, Wan Ling Chen, Kuo Hsuan Chang, Jun Wei Lee, Te Hsien Lin, Wenwei Lin, Chiung Mei Chen*, Guey Jen Lee-Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

At least seven dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are caused by expansions of polyglutamine (polyQ)-encoding CAG repeat. The misfolded and aggregated polyQ-expanded proteins increase reactive oxygen species (ROS), cellular toxicity, and neuroinflammation in the disease pathogenesis. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory potentials of coumarin derivatives LM-021, LMDS-1, LMDS-2, and pharmacological chaperone tafamidis using mouse BV-2 microglia and SCA3 ataxin-3 (ATXN3)/Q75-GFP SH-SY5Y cells. The four tested compounds displayed anti-inflammatory activity by suppressing nitric oxide (NO), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α production, and CD68 antigen (CD68) and histocompatibility-2 (MHCII) expression in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)/interferon (IFN)-γ-stimulated BV-2 microglia. In retinoic acid-differentiated ATXN3/Q75-GFP-expressing SH-SY5Y cells inflamed with LPS/IFN-γ-primed BV-2 conditioned medium, treatment with test compounds mitigated the increased caspase 1 activity and lactate dehydrogenase release, reduced ROS and ATXN3/Q75 aggregation, and promoted neurite outgrowth. Examination of IL-1β and IL-6-mediated signaling pathways revealed that LM-021, LMDS-1, LMDS-2, and tafamidis decreased NLR family pyrin domain containing 1 (NLRP1), c-Jun N-terminal kinase/c-Jun proto-oncogene (JNK/JUN), inhibitor of kappa B (IκBα)/P65, mitogen-activated protein kinase 14/signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (P38/STAT1), and/or Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling. The study results suggest the potential of LM-021, LMDS-1, LMDS-2, and tafamidis in treating SCA3 and probable other polyQ diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number176370
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume967
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar 15

Keywords

  • IL-1β/IL-6 signaling
  • JAK2/SOCS3
  • JNK/NF-κB/P38
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 3/ATXN3
  • Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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