Investigating the effects of background knowledge on Chinese word processing during text reading: Evidence from eye movements

Yu Cin Jian, Hwa Wei Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of background knowledge on Chinese word processing during silent reading by monitoring adult readers' eye movements. Both higher knowledge (physics major) and lower knowledge (nonphysics major) graduate students were given physics texts to read. Higher knowledge readers spent less time rereading and had lower regression rates on unfamiliar physics words and common words in physics texts than did lower knowledge readers; they also had shorter gaze durations and fewer first-pass fixations on familiar physics words than on unfamiliar physics words. For unfamiliar physics words and common words, both groups predominantly fixated first on the beginnings of words when they made multiple fixations on a word and on a left-of-centre location when they fixated only once on a word. These findings suggest that both groups comprise mature readers with strong language concepts. However, differences in background knowledge led to different reading processes at different stages of reading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S71-S86
JournalJournal of Research in Reading
Volume37
Issue numberSUPPL1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar

Fingerprint

Word Processing
Physics
Eye Movements
physics
Reading
evidence
knowledge
Language
Group
graduate
monitoring
Students
regression
language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Investigating the effects of background knowledge on Chinese word processing during text reading : Evidence from eye movements. / Jian, Yu Cin; Ko, Hwa Wei.

In: Journal of Research in Reading, Vol. 37, No. SUPPL1, 03.2014, p. S71-S86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{175dc88f0504444cadada1e32fd3b066,
title = "Investigating the effects of background knowledge on Chinese word processing during text reading: Evidence from eye movements",
abstract = "This study investigates the effects of background knowledge on Chinese word processing during silent reading by monitoring adult readers' eye movements. Both higher knowledge (physics major) and lower knowledge (nonphysics major) graduate students were given physics texts to read. Higher knowledge readers spent less time rereading and had lower regression rates on unfamiliar physics words and common words in physics texts than did lower knowledge readers; they also had shorter gaze durations and fewer first-pass fixations on familiar physics words than on unfamiliar physics words. For unfamiliar physics words and common words, both groups predominantly fixated first on the beginnings of words when they made multiple fixations on a word and on a left-of-centre location when they fixated only once on a word. These findings suggest that both groups comprise mature readers with strong language concepts. However, differences in background knowledge led to different reading processes at different stages of reading.",
author = "Jian, {Yu Cin} and Ko, {Hwa Wei}",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-9817.2012.01534.x",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "S71--S86",
journal = "Journal of Research in Reading",
issn = "0141-0423",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "SUPPL1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating the effects of background knowledge on Chinese word processing during text reading

T2 - Evidence from eye movements

AU - Jian, Yu Cin

AU - Ko, Hwa Wei

PY - 2014/3

Y1 - 2014/3

N2 - This study investigates the effects of background knowledge on Chinese word processing during silent reading by monitoring adult readers' eye movements. Both higher knowledge (physics major) and lower knowledge (nonphysics major) graduate students were given physics texts to read. Higher knowledge readers spent less time rereading and had lower regression rates on unfamiliar physics words and common words in physics texts than did lower knowledge readers; they also had shorter gaze durations and fewer first-pass fixations on familiar physics words than on unfamiliar physics words. For unfamiliar physics words and common words, both groups predominantly fixated first on the beginnings of words when they made multiple fixations on a word and on a left-of-centre location when they fixated only once on a word. These findings suggest that both groups comprise mature readers with strong language concepts. However, differences in background knowledge led to different reading processes at different stages of reading.

AB - This study investigates the effects of background knowledge on Chinese word processing during silent reading by monitoring adult readers' eye movements. Both higher knowledge (physics major) and lower knowledge (nonphysics major) graduate students were given physics texts to read. Higher knowledge readers spent less time rereading and had lower regression rates on unfamiliar physics words and common words in physics texts than did lower knowledge readers; they also had shorter gaze durations and fewer first-pass fixations on familiar physics words than on unfamiliar physics words. For unfamiliar physics words and common words, both groups predominantly fixated first on the beginnings of words when they made multiple fixations on a word and on a left-of-centre location when they fixated only once on a word. These findings suggest that both groups comprise mature readers with strong language concepts. However, differences in background knowledge led to different reading processes at different stages of reading.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896315239&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84896315239&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-9817.2012.01534.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-9817.2012.01534.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84896315239

VL - 37

SP - S71-S86

JO - Journal of Research in Reading

JF - Journal of Research in Reading

SN - 0141-0423

IS - SUPPL1

ER -