Intrinsic-to-extrinsic supersolid transition and fractionally modulated states in a lattice ultracold Bose gas with long-range interaction

C. H. Hsueh, Y. C. Tsai, W. C. Wu

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Abstract

We investigate the intrinsic-to-extrinsic supersolid (SS) transition in a lattice ultracold Bose gas with strong long-range interaction. When changing the depth of the periodic lattice potential, the transition is shown to manifest in the ground-state wave function and energy, the change of superfluid fraction fs, and a roton instability. Near the transition in the extrinsic SS phase, due to the competition between the long-range interaction and the periodic potential, we show that there exist a variety of stable fractionally modulated states (FMSs) upon the change of the effective length of the long-range interaction. Consequence of the transition across different FMSs is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013634
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 30

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gases
interactions
rotons
wave functions
ground state
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

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abstract = "We investigate the intrinsic-to-extrinsic supersolid (SS) transition in a lattice ultracold Bose gas with strong long-range interaction. When changing the depth of the periodic lattice potential, the transition is shown to manifest in the ground-state wave function and energy, the change of superfluid fraction fs, and a roton instability. Near the transition in the extrinsic SS phase, due to the competition between the long-range interaction and the periodic potential, we show that there exist a variety of stable fractionally modulated states (FMSs) upon the change of the effective length of the long-range interaction. Consequence of the transition across different FMSs is discussed.",
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AU - Wu, W. C.

PY - 2015/7/30

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N2 - We investigate the intrinsic-to-extrinsic supersolid (SS) transition in a lattice ultracold Bose gas with strong long-range interaction. When changing the depth of the periodic lattice potential, the transition is shown to manifest in the ground-state wave function and energy, the change of superfluid fraction fs, and a roton instability. Near the transition in the extrinsic SS phase, due to the competition between the long-range interaction and the periodic potential, we show that there exist a variety of stable fractionally modulated states (FMSs) upon the change of the effective length of the long-range interaction. Consequence of the transition across different FMSs is discussed.

AB - We investigate the intrinsic-to-extrinsic supersolid (SS) transition in a lattice ultracold Bose gas with strong long-range interaction. When changing the depth of the periodic lattice potential, the transition is shown to manifest in the ground-state wave function and energy, the change of superfluid fraction fs, and a roton instability. Near the transition in the extrinsic SS phase, due to the competition between the long-range interaction and the periodic potential, we show that there exist a variety of stable fractionally modulated states (FMSs) upon the change of the effective length of the long-range interaction. Consequence of the transition across different FMSs is discussed.

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