Intrinsic dielectric and spectroscopic behavior of perovskite Ba (Ni13 Nb23) O3 -Ba (Zn13 Nb23) O3 microwave dielectric ceramics

I. N. Lin, C. T. Chia, H. L. Liu, H. F. Cheng, R. Freer*, M. Barwick, F. Azough

*Corresponding author for this work

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32 Citations (Scopus)


Ceramics of 0.35Ba (Ni13 Nb23) O3 -0.65Ba (Zn13 Nb23) O3 were prepared by the mixed oxide route. The effect of the cooling rate (2 °C-240 °Ch) after sintering on the microwave dielectric properties of the ceramics was examined. While the extrinsic factors, such as porosity and secondary phases, markedly influence the dielectric properties in the low-frequency regime, they have minimal effect on these properties in the high-frequency regime. The mechanisms involved in modifying the high-frequency dielectric properties of the materials were investigated by Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopy, in conjunction with the Rietveld analysis of x-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra. A reduction in the cooling rate after sintering results in an increase in the high-frequency Q×f (product of dielectric Q value and measurement frequency) from 42 to 58 THz in the high-frequency regime (∼1.5 THz). Such behavior correlates very well with the increase in the B -site occupancy by Nb (deduced from the Rietveld analyses of XRD spectra) and the increase in the coherency of the lattice vibration (deduced from the reduction in the full-width-at-half-maximum of the A1g (O) Raman mode). In contrast, the cooling rate after sintering has very limited effect on the relative permittivity (varying from 40.8 to 41.9 at 1.5 THz), which is in accord with the phenomenon that the cell volume and the Raman shift of A1g (O) Raman mode are essentially independent of the cooling rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044112
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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