Interfaces, strings, and a soft mode in the square lattice quantum dimer model

D. Banerjee, M. Bögli, C. P. Hofmann, F. J. Jiang, P. Widmer, U. J. Wiese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The quantum dimer model on the square lattice is a U(1) gauge theory that addresses aspects of the physics of high-Tc superconductors. Using a quantum Monte Carlo method, we show that the theory exists in a confining columnar valence bond solid phase. The interfaces separating distinct columnar phases display plaquette order, which, however, is not realized as a bulk phase. Static "electric" charges are confined by flux tubes that consist of multiple strands, each carrying a fractionalized flux 14. A soft pseudo-Goldstone mode (which becomes exactly massless at the Rokhsar-Kivelson point) extends deep into the columnar phase, with potential implications for high-Tc physics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245143
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 24

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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