Interaction of athletes' resilience and coaches' social support on the stress-burnout relationship: A conjunctive moderation perspective

Frank J.H. Lu*, Wei Ping Lee, Yu Kai Chang, Chien Chih Chou, Ya Wen Hsu, Ju Han Lin, Diane L. Gill

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In line with Smith's (1986) cognitive-affective model of athletic burnout, the purpose of this study was to examine the conjunctive effects of athletes' resilience and coaches' social support on the relationship between life stress and burnout. Design: Cross-sectional, self-report survey. Methods: A total of 218 student-athletes (Mage = 20.04 yrs, SD = 1.32; males = 159, females = 59) participating in team and individual sports completed life stress, resilience, coaches' social support, and athlete burnout scales. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses with one- two- and three-way interactions examined disjunctive and conjunctive moderations. Results: Resilience and coaches' social support conjunctively moderated the stress-burnout relationship. Specifically the interaction of athletes' resilience with coaches' informational and tangible social support moderated athletes' stress-burnout relationship in high and low life stress conditions. Conclusions: We suggest coaches provide useful social support and foster athletes' resilience to prevent stress-induced burnout in athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-209
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Competitive sports
  • Overtraining
  • Psychological well-being
  • Student-athletes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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