Integrating Life Skills Into a Theory-Based Drug-Use Prevention Program: Effectiveness Among Junior High Students in Taiwan

Chiu Mieh Huang, Li Yin Chien, Chin Feng Cheng, Jong Long Guo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Drug use has been noted among students in Taiwan during the past decade and schools have a role in preventing or delaying students' drug use. We developed and evaluated a school-based, drug-use prevention program integrating the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and life skills for junior high school students. Methods: We recruited 441 seventh graders from randomly selected schools: N = 143 experimental groups, N = 142 conventional groups, and N = 156 control groups. The experimental group received ten 45-minute sessions of theory-based interventions. The conventional group got traditional didactic teaching and drug refusal skills. The control group received no intervention. Results: Compared to the control group, experimental group students showed greater improvement in attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, life skills, and intention not to use drugs. Compared to the conventional group, the experimental group had significantly higher posttest scores for 4 of the 5 outcomes, including life skills (96.53 vs. 90.92, p < .001), attitude (27.43 vs. 24.40, p = .012), subjective norm (29.51 vs. 28.06, p = .002), and perceived behavioral control (18.59 vs. 16.81, p < .001). The conventional group scored significantly higher in behavioral intention than did the control group. Conclusion: Study results demonstrated the effectiveness of a drug-use prevention program integrating the TPB and life skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-335
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of School Health
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul


  • Adolescent
  • Drug-use prevention
  • Life skills
  • Theory of planned behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Philosophy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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