Influences on the location of repeating earthquakes determined from a and b value imaging

Masashi Kawamura, Kate Huihsuan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To explore where earthquakes tend to recur, we statistically investigated repeating earthquake catalogs and background seismicity from different regions (Parkfield, Hayward, Calaveras, and Chihshang Faults). We show that the location of repeating earthquakes can be mapped using the spatial distribution of the seismic a and b values obtained from the background seismicity. Molchan's error diagram statistically confirmed that repeating earthquakes occur within areas with high a values (2.8–3.8) and high b values (0.9–1.1) on both strike-slip and thrust fault segments. However, no significant association held true for fault segments with more complicated geometry or for wider areas with a complex fault network. The productivity of small earthquakes responsible for high a and b values may thus be the most important factor controlling the location of repeating earthquakes. We inferred that the location of high creep rate in planar/listric fault structures might be indicated by a values of ~3 and b values of ~1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6675-6682
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume44
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 16

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Keywords

  • fault creep
  • frequency-magnitude distribution
  • repeating earthquakes
  • seismicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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