Influences of environmental and spatial factors on genetic and epigenetic variations in Rhododendron oldhamii (Ericaceae)

Chun Lin Huang, Jui Hung Chen, Ming Hsuan Tsang, Jeng Der Chung, Chung Te Chang, Shih Ying Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Test of the relationship of genetic and particularly epigenetic variation with geographic isolation and environment is important to reveal potential environmental drivers for selection. Rhododendron oldhamii is widespread but inhabits fragmented subtropical forest landscapes, and populations across its range may exhibit different levels of genetic and epigenetic structuring correlated to their environmental conditions. Here, we investigated the genetic and epigenetic variations and their ecological correlates in R. oldhamii. Genetic and epigenetic variations were surveyed using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphism (MSAP), respectively. Using variation partitioning by redundant analysis (RDA), we examined the pure and spatially structured environmental effects and pure spatial factors on genetic and epigenetic variations among individuals collected from 18 localities across R. oldhamii distribution range in Taiwan. We found that environments compared to geographic isolation among sites explained more genetic and epigenetic variations. Patchy distribution of the contemporary R. oldhamii populations was revealed by correlograms with patch size of approximately around 20–30 km based on the total genetic and epigenetic data. Spatial variables derived from the method of principal coordinates of neighbor matrices (PCNM), including PCNM3, PCNM5, PCNM7, and PCNM8 representing biotic processes, such as individual dispersal, were found to be important influencing potentially adaptive genetic and epigenetic variations. Annual mean temperature, annual precipitation, precipitation of the warmest quarter, aspect, slope, and soil moisture were the most important environmental variables influencing potentially adaptive genetic and epigenetic variations and could be particularly important for the evolution of local adaptation in R. oldhamii.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTree Genetics and Genomes
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 23

Fingerprint

Ericaceae
Rhododendron
Epigenomics
epigenetics
polymorphism
environmental factors
local adaptation
patch size
individual variation
methylation
Taiwan
environmental effect
Methylation
Population
genetic relationships
amplified fragment length polymorphism
amplification
Soil
partitioning
soil moisture

Keywords

  • Epigenetic variation
  • Genetic variation
  • Habitat fragmentation
  • Local adaptation
  • Principal coordinates of neighbor matrices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Horticulture

Cite this

Influences of environmental and spatial factors on genetic and epigenetic variations in Rhododendron oldhamii (Ericaceae). / Huang, Chun Lin; Chen, Jui Hung; Tsang, Ming Hsuan; Chung, Jeng Der; Chang, Chung Te; Hwang, Shih Ying.

In: Tree Genetics and Genomes, Vol. 11, No. 1, 23.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, Chun Lin ; Chen, Jui Hung ; Tsang, Ming Hsuan ; Chung, Jeng Der ; Chang, Chung Te ; Hwang, Shih Ying. / Influences of environmental and spatial factors on genetic and epigenetic variations in Rhododendron oldhamii (Ericaceae). In: Tree Genetics and Genomes. 2015 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.
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