Improving the frame design of computer simulations for learning: Determining the primacy of the isolated elements or the transient information effects

Yi Chun Lin, Tzu-Chien Liu, John Sweller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract Computer simulations were used to teach students basic concepts associated with correlation. Half of the students were presented information in a sequential series of single frames in which each frame replaced the preceding frame while the other half were presented the information in simultaneous multiple frames in which each frame was added to the previous frames without replacement. It was hypothesized that if the isolated elements effect occurs, the single-frame condition should be superior. Alternatively, if the transient information effect dominates, the multiple-frame condition should be superior. Results confirmed the superiority of the single-frame presentation. Eye-tracking indicated that participants who learned with single frames paid more attention to the important representations than participants who learned with multiple frames.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2858
Pages (from-to)280-291
Number of pages12
JournalComputers and Education
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 6



  • Applications in subject areas
  • Pedagogical issues
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Education

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