Improvement efficiency of a dye-sensitized solar cell using Eu3+ modified TiO2 nanoparticles as a secondary layer electrode

Jing Hong Huang, Po Yu Hung, Shu Fen Hu, Ru Shi Liu

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31 Citations (Scopus)


This novel work presents the successful size control of Eu 3+x-modified TiO2 nanoparticles by adding various amounts of Eu3+. The electronic structures of Eu 3+x-modified TiO2 nanoparticles are different from those of pure TiO2 nanoparticles, as analyzed by DRS (UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy) and XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy). As Eu3+x-modified TiO2 nanoparticles are used as a second layer in the double-layered electrode, the probability of recombination of excited electrons and holes is reduced to increase the short-circuit current (JSC) during the operation of the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The increase in the open circuit voltage (Voc) from 0.66 to 0.71 V is observed owing to the energy of the conduction band in Eu 3+x-modified TiO2 layer. Finally, the efficiency (η) is clearly improved from 2.20 to 3.43% when the double-layered structure of Eu0.03-TiO2/Eu 0-TiO2 is adopted in the DSSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6505-6511
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug 21


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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