Improved cultivation of the indigenous acidithibacillus thiooxidans BC1 by a fed-batch process

Hsuan Liang Liu*, Bor Yann Chen, Yann Wen Lan, Yang Chu Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a simple fed-batch process was developed for high cell density culture of the indigenous Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans BCl for enhanced production of sulfuric acid. Since the inhibitory effect of the metabolic intermediate, sulfite, occurs in the acidic condition, pH control is important in the growth of this microorganism. In addition, elemental sulfur is the sole energy source for the indigenous A. thiooxidans BCl, a fed-batch process including the intermittent feeding of elemental sulfur was proved to avoid the effect of substrate limitation and inhibition, which was resulted from the sulfur accumulation in the air-liquid interface. The maximal cell density and sulfuric acid yield obtained in this study were 2.16 and 3.25 times, respectively, higher than those obtained from the conventional batch process. The optimal operation condition for the fed-batch process was set as: intermittent feeding of additional 2 g/L elemental sulfur at the same time when the pH value was adjusted from 2.0 to 4.0.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-201
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chinese Institute of Chemical Engineers
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans
  • Elemental sulfur
  • Fed-batch
  • High cell density
  • Sulfite
  • Sulfuric acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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