Impairment of proteasome and anti-oxidative pathways in the induced pluripotent stem cell model for sporadic Parkinson's disease

Kuo Hsuan Chang, Guey Jen Lee-Chen, Yih Ru Wu, Yi Jing Chen, Jia Li Lin, Meng Li, I. Cheng Chen, Yen Shi Lo, Hsiu Chuan Wu, Chiung Mei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with the progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons with abnormal accumulation of α-synuclein mainly in the ventral midbrain. However, the lack of live human neurons from PD patients and their heterogeneous pathogenic nature limit mechanistic studies and therefore the development of drugs to modify the disease progression of PD. The evolution of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology makes it possible to generate patient-specific neurons to explore the pathogenesis in individual PD patients. Methods: We generated PD-iPSCs from a sporadic early onset PD patient carrying a heterozygous deletion of exon 5 (Ex5del) in PARK2. The expression of α-synuclein and proteasome and anti-oxidative functions were examined in differentiated iPSC-derived neurons. Results: The neurons derived from our PD-iPSCs demonstrated abnormal α-synuclein accumulation and down-regulation of the proteasome and anti-oxidative pathways. Environmental triggers such as proteasome inhibitor MG132 and H2O2 markedly induced cell death, while the proteasome enhancer benzamil and anti-oxidative compound genipin significantly rescued these increased susceptibilities. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that unique genetic-environmental interactions are involved in neuronal death in PD patients. Our findings also provide a new model to identify potential disease-modifying strategies and an insight into personalized medicine for patients with PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Induced pluripotent stem cells
  • Oxidative stress
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Proteasome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology

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