Impact of linguistic feature related to fraud on pledge results of the crowdfunding campaigns

Wei Wang, Yenchun Jim Wu, Ling He

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In order to achieve the pre-set funding goal, some entrepreneurs may engage in malicious fraud, that is, using fraudulent textual descriptions to attract monetary contribution from crowd. Thus, fraud is inevitable in the online financial market. Fraudulent texts are not strictly equivalent to low-quality campaigns, but fraudulent content can jeopardize users’ perceptions of project quality. Thus, the fraudulent text has great drawbacks for the development of crowdfunding model, leading investors lose confidence in this newborn financing model. Through text mining, 4 indicators are adopted to measure the linguistic feature related to fraud. And 126,593 campaigns from Kickstarter is employed to estimate the impact of linguistic feature related to fraud on the fundraising outcomes. Multi text levels are selected as the study objects include abstract, detailed description and the reward narratives. The results show that in general, lower linguistic feature related to fraud attracts the investors to contribute more money, the predictive model also validates this conclusion. However, some fraud indicators have no significant negative impacts on financing, or even show positive influences. Moreover, the detailed delivery terms in the reward text, the higher ratio of successful funding. This study provides a guideline for the founders to generate attractive description for the crowdfunding campaigns.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch and Innovation Forum 2019 - Technology, Innovation, Education, and their Social Impact
EditorsAnna Visvizi, Miltiadis D. Lytras
PublisherSpringer
Pages459-467
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783030308087
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventResearch and Innovation Forum, Rii Forum 2019 - Rome, Italy
Duration: 2019 Apr 242019 Apr 26

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Complexity
ISSN (Print)2213-8684
ISSN (Electronic)2213-8692

Conference

ConferenceResearch and Innovation Forum, Rii Forum 2019
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period19/4/2419/4/26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications

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  • Cite this

    Wang, W., Wu, Y. J., & He, L. (2019). Impact of linguistic feature related to fraud on pledge results of the crowdfunding campaigns. In A. Visvizi, & M. D. Lytras (Eds.), Research and Innovation Forum 2019 - Technology, Innovation, Education, and their Social Impact (pp. 459-467). (Springer Proceedings in Complexity). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-30809-4_42