Immunomodulatory effects of seed peptide lunasin in RAW264.7 macrophages in obese microenvironments

Pei Ying Huang, Chia Chien Hsieh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In adiposity, immune cells infiltrate adipose tissues, especially macrophages, forming chronic inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of lunasin regulating immune functions of RAW264.7 macrophages in obesity-related conditions. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggered an acute inflammation, and adipocyte-conditioned medium (Ad-CM) and co-cultures of RAW264.7 macrophages and 3T3-L1 adipocytes were used to mimic obese microenvironments. Lunasin protected the vitality of RAW cells and suppressed leptin secretion in Ad-CM. In LPS, lunasin reduced 47% of 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA) staining, 28% of nitric oxide production, and 27% of tumor necrosis factor-α secretion in LPS-stimulated co-culture, while there were opposing effects in Ad-CM and co-culture without LPS. Moreover, LPS-stimulated migration was inhibited at 44% by lunasin, while Ad-CM-declined 49% of migration. Lunasin increased 21% and 42% of phagocytosis in LPS and Ad-CM challenges. Overall, the study first revealed that lunasin exerted immunomodulation in macrophages against LPS-stimulated inflammation but boosted immune functions in obesity-related microenvironments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105719
JournalJournal of Functional Foods
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Adipocyte
  • Immunomodulation
  • Inflammation
  • Lunasin
  • Macrophages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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