Immature Biology of Neptis hesione podarces (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Taiwan, with Discussion on Its Frass Chain Function

Chia Lung Huang, Yu-Feng Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Neptis hesione podarces Matsumura (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) is a rare nymphalid butterfly in Taiwan. Bionomics and immature morphology of this rare species are given in detail in the present article. Its larvae are monophagous, consuming leaves of a climbing fig Ficus sarmantosa (Moraceae). Seven instars are required to complete larval development. We found that younger larvae of N. h. podarces make frass chains, a behavior that has not been found in other Neptis species. Here we test the antipredator function of this larval behavior and provide details on nest building.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-365
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of the Entomological Society of America
Volume109
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

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frass
Nymphalidae
Taiwan
immatures
Lepidoptera
Biological Sciences
Moraceae
Ficus
larvae
figs
butterflies
larval development
instars
ecology
leaves
testing
rare species

Keywords

  • Ficus sarmantosa
  • Host plant
  • Moraceae
  • frass chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Neptis hesione podarces Matsumura (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) is a rare nymphalid butterfly in Taiwan. Bionomics and immature morphology of this rare species are given in detail in the present article. Its larvae are monophagous, consuming leaves of a climbing fig Ficus sarmantosa (Moraceae). Seven instars are required to complete larval development. We found that younger larvae of N. h. podarces make frass chains, a behavior that has not been found in other Neptis species. Here we test the antipredator function of this larval behavior and provide details on nest building.",
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AB - Neptis hesione podarces Matsumura (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) is a rare nymphalid butterfly in Taiwan. Bionomics and immature morphology of this rare species are given in detail in the present article. Its larvae are monophagous, consuming leaves of a climbing fig Ficus sarmantosa (Moraceae). Seven instars are required to complete larval development. We found that younger larvae of N. h. podarces make frass chains, a behavior that has not been found in other Neptis species. Here we test the antipredator function of this larval behavior and provide details on nest building.

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