Identifying learning concepts for the new 12-year basic education ict curriculum: A delphi survey

Chiu Fan Hu, An Tsu Wang, Cheng Chih Wu*, Yu Tzu Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The new Information and Communication Technology (ICT) curriculum for the new 12-Year Basic Education in Taiwan consists of seven categories of knowledge: algorithms, programming, system platform, data representation and process, ICT application, and ICT & human society. The draft curriculum only outlined broader learning concepts under each category. This may be a flexible way but it might cause confusion when schools and teachers implement the curriculum. This study employed Delphi technique to identify sub-concepts under each learning concept of the curriculum. Twenty-one computer science educators from schools and universities served as the Delphi expert panel. After three rounds of questionnaire survey, 107 sub-concepts were identified and recommended for students to learn. The results were adopted in the appendix of the final released version of the ICT curriculum. This study recommended that the secondary ICT curriculum or teaching guidelines should include sub-concepts; the number of junior high school computer teachers should be increased to match the expert representation; finally, more information and ICT course planning experience should be provided to professors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-102
Number of pages26
JournalBulletin of Educational Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Delphi survey
  • ICT curriculum
  • Learning concepts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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