Hyperledger Fabric-Based Tea Supply Chain Production Data Traceable Scheme

Chin Ling Chen, Wan Bing Zhan*, Der Chen Huang, Ling Chun Liu, Yong Yuan Deng*, Chin Guo Kuo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With the advent of Industry 4.0, blockchain is one of the emerging technologies that can be used in multiple fields, especially in supply chain networks, where it is considered a sustainable concept technology. Because of its decentralization, reliability, transparency, consistency, and traceability, blockchain can challenge existing conventional models in supply chain scenarios. Therefore, this study proposes a framework that integrates the technology of Blockchain 3.0 (Hyperledger Fabric) into the tea supply chain. The concept of data traceability driven by blockchain technology consists of documenting the tea supply chain system, in which the cultivation, processing, and retailing of tea leaves are documented, and optimizing the existing anti-counterfeiting mechanisms. The ECDSA algorithm is used to confirm the identity among the entities located in the Hyperledger Fabric channel, and IPFS technology is introduced to store tea traceability data to solve the problem of data increment in the tea production process. Only the hash value and traceability code of the traceability data are stored in the block. We analyze the relationship between the number of transactions and latency, and we can see the latency time of both write and read transactions. The system tested write transactions and read transactions with a minimum write speed of 0.97 s and a maximum of 6.26 s and a minimum read speed of 0.1 s and a maximum of 4.62 s via Caliper analysis. The experimental results show that the performance analysis sounds good. This study uses distributed theory and service-oriented thinking in its specific application to the tea supply chain system model and takes each entity through a B2B connection to achieve anti-counterfeit traceability in the tea supply chain of a regulatory nature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13738
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Sept


  • anti-counterfeit traceability
  • blockchain (BC)
  • hyperledger fabric
  • tea supply chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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