Hyperboloid structures formed by polarization singularities in coherent vector fields with longitudinal-transverse coupling

Y. F. Chen, T. H. Lu, K. F. Huang

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Abstract

The propagation-dependent polarization vector fields are experimentally created from an isotropic microchip laser with a longitudinal-transverse coupling and entanglement of the polarization states. The experimental three-dimensional coherent vector fields are analytically reconstructed with a coherent superposition of orthogonal circularly polarized vortex modes. Each polarized component is found to comprise two Laguerre-Gaussian modes with different topological charges. With the analytical representation, the polarization singularities, on which the electric polarization ellipse is purely circular (C lines) or purely linear (L surfaces), are explored. The C line singularities are found to form an intriguing hyperboloidal structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number233903
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume97
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 14

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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