Hydrodynamic modes in a trapped bose gas above the bose-einstein transition

A. Griffin, Wen-Chin Wu, S. Stringari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We discuss the collective modes of a trapped Bose gas in the hydrodynamic regime where atomic collisions ensure local thermal equilibrium for the distribution function. Starting from the conservation laws, in the linearized limit we derive a closed equation for the velocity fluctuations in a trapped Bose gas above the Bose-Einstein transition temperature. Explicit solutions for a parabolic trap are given. We find that the surface modes above the transition have the same dispersion relation as the one recently obtained by Stringari for the oscillations of the condensate at T=0 within the Thomas-Fermi approximation. Results are also given for the monopole “breathing” mode as well as for the m=0 excitations which result from the coupling of the monopole and quadrupole modes in an anisotropic parabolic well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1838-1841
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume78
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

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Hydrodynamics
Gases
hydrodynamics
Transition Temperature
gases
monopoles
Respiration
Hot Temperature
atomic collisions
breathing
conservation laws
condensates
quadrupoles
distribution functions
transition temperature
traps
oscillations
approximation
excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Hydrodynamic modes in a trapped bose gas above the bose-einstein transition. / Griffin, A.; Wu, Wen-Chin; Stringari, S.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 78, No. 10, 01.01.1997, p. 1838-1841.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Griffin, A. ; Wu, Wen-Chin ; Stringari, S. / Hydrodynamic modes in a trapped bose gas above the bose-einstein transition. In: Physical Review Letters. 1997 ; Vol. 78, No. 10. pp. 1838-1841.
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