Humanoid Robots in Soccer: Robots Versus Humans in RoboCup 2050

Reinhard Gerndt, Daniel Seifert, Jacky Hansjoerg Baltes, Soroush Sadeghnejad, Sven Behnke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


This article describes the history and major achievements of the RoboCup Humanoid League from its start in 2002 to today. Furthermore, it gives an indication on how the league may evolve over the coming years until 2050, when a team of autonomous humanoid robots shall play soccer against the human world champion. We show how the competition drives humanoid robot research and serves as a benchmark to measure progress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7254325
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sept 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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