"how Dare You Have Another Relationship!": An analysis of cross-cultural and interlanguage corrections

Ming Fang Lin*, Miao Hsia Chang, Yu Fang Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The present study aimed to examine the speech act of correction produced by Chinese, Americans, and Chinese EFL learners. A total of 120 participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire with two major parts: A Scaled Response Questionnaire (SRQ) and a Discourse Completion Task (DCT). Elicited data were analyzed in terms of three perspectives: Perception of face-threat, overall correction strategy use, and the use of external modifications. The results showed some similarities and differences between Chinese and Americans' corrections. As for the EFL learners, they exhibited their interlanguage development in the perception and overall strategy use. In addition, instances of L1 pragmatic transfer were found in the learners' use of some individual strategies and external modifications. Learners' interlanguage development and L1 socio-cultural transfer demonstrated the multi-competence of the learners. The present study suggests that further instruction should be implemented to enrich L2 learners' pragmatic repertoire for successful ELF communication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-489
Number of pages41
JournalIRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1


  • Chinese-English
  • ELF (English as a lingua franca)
  • correction
  • multi-competence
  • speech act

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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