Household physical activity and subjective well-being: An international comparison among East Asian older adult populations

Hsin Yen Yen*, Yung Liao, Wen Hsin Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose: Engaging in lifelong physical activity has multiple health benefits for older populations. Household physical activity occupies older adults’ awake time, and they can be an important energy expenditure during the day. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between older adults’ household physical activity and subjective well-being in four East Asian societies. Methods: The study design was a secondary data analysis. Data were retrieved from the module of Families 2016 in the database of the East Asian Social Survey. Participants were community-dwelling older adults with a mean age of 70.30±7.50 years and who lived in China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. Data were collected by interviews via structured questionnaires between 2016 and 2018. Descriptive analyses, independent t-tests, and an analysis of covariance were performed for the statistical analyses. Results: In total, there were 3,432 valid responses. Participants who lived in Taiwan had significantly lower levels of total household physical activity than those living in other societies. Older adults’ household physical activity was found to significantly differ by age, educational degree, gender, religion, marital status, occupation, and whether living alone. Older adults with high levels of household physical activity had significantly higher self-rated health and marital satisfaction than those with low levels. Conclusions: Household physical activity has potential benefits for subjective well-being across international older adult populations. Increasing household physical activity is recommended for older married couples to maintain marital satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105220
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb


  • Active aging
  • Happiness
  • Health status
  • Household chores
  • Life satisfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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