Highly responsive and selective NO2 gas sensors based on titanium metal organic framework (Ti-MOF) with pyromellitic acid

Chii Rong Yang, Po Wen Cheng, Shih Feng Tseng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Metal-organic framework (MOF) is a class of materials with high specific surface area, and is synthesized using metal ions and organic ligands. Due to its ability to reduce metal ions, the MOF materials are beneficial to react with gas molecules and are suitable as sensing materials for gas sensors. This study adopted the one-step hydrothermal method to synthesize terephthalic acid (TPA) and pyromellitic acid (PMA), and combine them with titanium metal ions to produce the Ti-MOF(TPA) and Ti-MOF(PMA) powders, which can be used as the sensing materials of the gas sensors. Surface morphology, crystallinity, chemical bond, molecular vibration, and specific surface area of the synthesized Ti-MOF(TPA) and Ti-MOF(PMA) powders were determined, respectively, using field-emission scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and surface area and porosimetry analyzer. The dynamic response of the Ti-MOF(PMA) gas sensor was higher than the Ti-MOF(TPA) sensor. Moreover, the responses of the Ti-MOF(PMA) gas sensors were 6.4, 16.1, 35.6, and 48.5, respectively, with the applied NO2 concentrations of 50, 100, 150, and 200 ppm at room temperature. The Ti-MOF(PMA) gas sensors demonstrated excellent reproducibility and selectivity to NO2 compared with acetone, methanol, ethanol, ammonia, and carbon dioxide at 100 ppm concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114301
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Publication statusPublished - 2023 May 1


  • Gas sensor
  • Metal-organic framework (MOF)
  • Pyromellitic acid
  • Terephthalic acid
  • Titanium metal ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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