Higher power of sensorimotor rhythm is associated with better performance in skilled air-pistol shooters

Ming Yang Cheng, Kuo Pin Wang, Chiao Ling Hung, Yu Long Tu, Chung Ju Huang, Dirk Koester, Thomas Schack, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Psychomotor efficiency has been linked with processing efficiency during sport performance. Reduced cortical activity in the sensorimotor area has been related to less variability in the movement preparation that is conducive to skilled motor performance. This study proposes sensorimotor rhythm (SMR), 12–15 Hz of the electroencephalography (EEG) in the sensorimotor area, may be used to investigate psychomotor efficiency in sports performance. Method Twenty-four skilled air pistol shooters were recruited to fire 40 shots while EEG and shooting accuracy were recorded. Results The data show that improved performance of skilled shooters is associated with higher SMR power during the last second and lower coherence on high alpha power at Fz-T3 before action initiation. A negative relationship is also exhibited between the SMR power and the shooting performance during the aiming. Conclusions This finding suggests that reduced interference from sensorimotor processing, as reflected by elevated SMR power, may be related to improved processing efficiency during the aiming period. We conclude that SMR may be used to understand psychomotor efficiency underlying air-pistol shooting performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-53
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep

Keywords

  • Coherence
  • Cortical activation
  • EEG
  • Neurofeedback
  • Psychomotor efficiency
  • Sport performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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