High-transmittance 2π electrically tunable terahertz phase shifter with cmos-compatible driving voltage enabled by liquid crystals

Chan Shan Yang*, Chun Kuo, Po Han Chen, Wei Ta Wu, Ru Pin Pan, Peichen Yu, Ci Ling Pan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have investigated tunable terahertz (THz) phase shifters that are based on a sandwiched liquid crystal (LC) cell with indium-tin-oxide (ITO) nanowhiskers (NWhs) as transparent electrodes. More than 360° of phase shift at 1.0 THz was achieved at a driving voltage as low as ~2.6 V (rms). This is approximately 40 times smaller than that reported in previous works using an electrically tuned LC device. Significance of the NWhs in reducing the required voltage is demonstrated. Overall transmittance of the device is as high as 30%, which is accountable by absorption losses of ITO NWhs, quartz substrate and LC. Experimental results are in good agreement with a theoretical formulism while taking into account super-thick LC cells (~1 mm) and pretilt angles. We also propose and demonstrate a novel THz technique for measuring pretilt angles of liquid crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number271
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 14

Keywords

  • Antireflection coatings
  • Birefringence
  • Far infrared
  • Liquid crystals
  • Nanomaterials
  • Phase shift
  • Terahertz
  • Transparent conductive coatings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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