Ferritic spheroidal graphite (SG) cast irons of different silicon contents were used to study the tensile 1 behavior in the temperature range of 500 °C to near Ac1. The thermal-cracking behavior under cyclic heating to various temperatures from 650 °C to 850 °C was also explored. According to the tensile data, the temperature dependence of the flow stress is concave upward, and that of the elongation is concave downward with drastic descent after reaching the maximum. The temperature range of ascending stress and descending elongation is above Ac1, in which the eutectic cell-wall region transforms to austenite. Intergranular fracture with serious ductility loss can take place at 500 °C, if the silicon content is too high (3.9 wt pet in this test). This brittle phenomenon can be eliminated through microstructure refining. As to the thermal-cycling test, it indicates that the thermal cracking occurs through intergranular fracture. Whereas the susceptibility to thermal cracking increases with increasing silicon content, it can be reduced by refining the microstructure. Unlike the cast irons heated above Ac1 with phase transformation, the heating temperature of about 750 °C leads to the most severe thermal cracking. In addition, the specimens heated in air have lower thermal-cracking resistance than those heated in a neutral salt bath.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1997 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys