High-selectivity terahertz metamaterial nitric oxide sensor based on ZnTiO3 perovskite membrane

Pei Jung Wu, Jing Ting Hung, Cho Fan Hsieh, Chii Rong Yang*, Chan Shan Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Human exhaled gases contain a wide range of volatile organic compounds, offering the potential for detecting physiological, cardiovascular, and endocrine disorders. For instance, nitric oxide (NO) concentration can be indicative of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Analyzing exhaled gases provides a noninvasive approach to disease detection without posing any risks to individuals. While electronic sensors have been developed over the past two decades for NO detection at high temperatures, few studies have explored optical detection in the ultraviolet to visible light range, which may have adverse effects on the skin. In this study, we designed a split-ring resonator metamaterial tailored for operation within the terahertz (THz) frequency range. Specifically, the metamaterial was designed to resonate at the NO frequency of 0.257 THz. To enhance gas absorption capacity, we incorporated a composite film layer consisting of ZnTiO3 and reduced graphene oxide onto the metamaterial. By sintering ZnTiO3 powder at different temperatures, we achieved an increase in component sensitivity (ΔT/T) from 2% to 16.4%. Overall, the proposed metamaterial holds promise for both physical monitoring applications and the development of wearable electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106103
JournalAPL Photonics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Oct 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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