Hardware engine for supporting gray-tone paintbrush function on electrophoretic papers

Wen Chung Kao, Hsing Yu Chen, Ying Hao Liu, Shu Cheng Liou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The electrophoretic display (EPD) has been widely applied on electronic readers (E-Readers) for displaying image/text contents. With a touch panel, the user can put annotations on the contents at will. However, none of the available E-Readers support the function of paintbrush, which allows the user to plot gray tone figures. This is because the EPD is a bistable display whose driving method is quite complicated. In this paper, we first discuss the issues of realizing paintbrush function on the EPD display controller and then propose a new signal processing engine for the paintbrush function. The engine contains four stages: 1) screening the detected pixel coordinates; 2) interpolating pixels; 3) performing image halftoning to generate more visual gray levels; and 4) driving the pixels to the target states. The experimental results show that the engine meets the real-time requirement to complete the pixel interpolation as well as produce the gray-tone traces.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6658833
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE/OSA Journal of Display Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb


  • Display calibration
  • electrophoretic display (EPD)
  • hardware engine
  • image enhancement
  • temperature compensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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