Habitat selection by sea kraits (Laticauda spp.) at coastal sites of Orchid Island, Taiwan

Yu Ling Liu, Yi Huei Chen, Harvey B. Lillywhite, Ming Chung Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three species of amphibious sea kraits (Laticauda spp.) spend variable time at sea and require fresh water for water balance. Both the rate of cutaneous evaporative water loss and the extent of terrestriality are known to differ among them. Laticauda semifasciata has the greatest rate of water loss and the least extent of terrestriality, whereas L. colubrina exhibits the reverse and L. laticaudata is intermediate. These sea kraits tend to be more abundant at places where there are sources of fresh water, but other factors also influence their distribution. To further clarify the habitat requirements, we investigated the abundance of each species of sea krait at six different habitats and the availability of each type of habitat on Orchid Island, Taiwan. The six habitats were high coral reef without fresh water (HR) and with fresh water (HRF); low coral reef without fresh water (LR) and with fresh water (LRF); sand or gravel coast, which has no coral reef, without fresh water (NR) and with fresh water (NRF). The extent of safety judged from the relative availability of retreat sites, from high to low, was HR, LR, and NR among these habitats. More than 75% of individuals counted for each species were found in HRF. We found no sea kraits in NRF and NR. The most available habitat was LR, but no L. laticaudata or L. semifasciata were found in this habitat. We found 3.3% and 16.7% of L. colubrina in LR and HR, respectively. For L. colubrina, the second abundant habitat was HR, whereas for L. laticaudata and L. semifasciata, the second abundant habitat was LRF. We conclude that both safety (availability of retreat sites) and fresh water are important to the habitat selection of sea kraits. Compared with other species, L. colubrina is characterized by a greater extent of terrestrial habit and possibly greater variety of access to sources of fresh water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-280
Number of pages7
JournalIntegrative and Comparative Biology
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 1

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habitat preferences
Taiwan
Colubrina
habitats
coral reefs
gravel
water balance
water
sand
coasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Habitat selection by sea kraits (Laticauda spp.) at coastal sites of Orchid Island, Taiwan. / Liu, Yu Ling; Chen, Yi Huei; Lillywhite, Harvey B.; Tu, Ming Chung.

In: Integrative and Comparative Biology, Vol. 52, No. 2, 01.08.2012, p. 274-280.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Yu Ling ; Chen, Yi Huei ; Lillywhite, Harvey B. ; Tu, Ming Chung. / Habitat selection by sea kraits (Laticauda spp.) at coastal sites of Orchid Island, Taiwan. In: Integrative and Comparative Biology. 2012 ; Vol. 52, No. 2. pp. 274-280.
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abstract = "Three species of amphibious sea kraits (Laticauda spp.) spend variable time at sea and require fresh water for water balance. Both the rate of cutaneous evaporative water loss and the extent of terrestriality are known to differ among them. Laticauda semifasciata has the greatest rate of water loss and the least extent of terrestriality, whereas L. colubrina exhibits the reverse and L. laticaudata is intermediate. These sea kraits tend to be more abundant at places where there are sources of fresh water, but other factors also influence their distribution. To further clarify the habitat requirements, we investigated the abundance of each species of sea krait at six different habitats and the availability of each type of habitat on Orchid Island, Taiwan. The six habitats were high coral reef without fresh water (HR) and with fresh water (HRF); low coral reef without fresh water (LR) and with fresh water (LRF); sand or gravel coast, which has no coral reef, without fresh water (NR) and with fresh water (NRF). The extent of safety judged from the relative availability of retreat sites, from high to low, was HR, LR, and NR among these habitats. More than 75{\%} of individuals counted for each species were found in HRF. We found no sea kraits in NRF and NR. The most available habitat was LR, but no L. laticaudata or L. semifasciata were found in this habitat. We found 3.3{\%} and 16.7{\%} of L. colubrina in LR and HR, respectively. For L. colubrina, the second abundant habitat was HR, whereas for L. laticaudata and L. semifasciata, the second abundant habitat was LRF. We conclude that both safety (availability of retreat sites) and fresh water are important to the habitat selection of sea kraits. Compared with other species, L. colubrina is characterized by a greater extent of terrestrial habit and possibly greater variety of access to sources of fresh water.",
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