Growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis in U937 cells by Coptis chinensis extract

C. Y. Ma, S. C. Shen, D. W. Huang, H. M. Chang, J. S.B. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Dried Coptidis Rizoma was extracted with boiling water. Conditioned medium was prepared by stimulating human peripheral blood mononuclear cells with Coptidis Rizoma extract (CR). The conditioned medium was then added to human leukemic U937 cells suspension for investigating the antiproliferation effect and the induction of apoptosis. Apparent DNA fragmentation and morphological changes occurred in U937 cells after incubating for 48 h to 72 h with the conditioned medium that had been prepared with 400μg CR solids/mL. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that the percentage of apoptotic U937 cells increased in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. The upregulation of Bax expression, the downregulation of Bcl-2 and procaspase-3 expression, and the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria in U937 cells were all observed. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction detected cytokine-related mRNA expressions in human mononuclear cells incubated with CR. An increase in the concentration of CR in culturing medium downregulated granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulatory factor mRNA expression while upregulated interleuken-2 mRNA expression. All the above-mentioned evidences suggest that CR induces the apoptosis of human leukemic U937 cells via the changes in cytokine profile and protein expressions in mitochondria pathway and that CR has the potential to be used in the therapy of leukemia due to its strong apoptosis-promoting effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H127-H133
JournalJournal of Food Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Apoptosis
  • Conditioned medium
  • Coptidis Rizoma
  • Mononuclear cell
  • U937

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis in U937 cells by Coptis chinensis extract'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this