Generalized Path-Permutation Codes for Reliable End-to-End Networking of Opportunistic Links

I. Wei Lai*, Jhih Wei Shih, Kwang Cheng Chen, Ezio Biglieri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Opportunistic links are emerging as a novel technology for state-of-the-art wireless networks, such as cognitive radio networks, energy-harvesting networks, and low-latency vehicular networks. To increase the reliability of these networks, path-permutation codes (PPCs) were advocated in [1]. These codes are based on a virtual multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) model on the session/network layer, and have been tailored for increased reliability of opportunistic links. By exploiting multipath-multihop routes, PPCs access one relay path at a time while repeatedly transmitting the same QAM symbol. In this paper, we introduce a generalized PPC scheme which simultaneously accesses multiple relay paths and comprises multiple QAM symbols in the packet. Phase rotations are also introduced in the PPC codewords for additional performance improvement. Numerical simulation results validate our analyses and demonstrate the superior performance of this novel coding scheme, i.e., better error rate performance, higher throughput, and stronger robustness to transmission outages.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9070172
Pages (from-to)4579-4593
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul


  • Multiple-inputmultiple-output (MIMO)
  • cognitive radio network
  • energy-harvesting network
  • erasure channels
  • low-latency vehicular network
  • path-permutation codes
  • proactive open-loop communication
  • ultra-low latency
  • virtual MIMO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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