Gender-related differences in collaborative learning in a 3D virtual reality environment by elementary school students

Yi Lien Yeh, Yu Ju Lan, Yen Ting R. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to understand how children collaborated to create their own stories in a 3D virtual reality (VR) environment and to explore whether there were any gender-related differences in this learning setting. A total of 65 students (38 females and 27 males) of grades 4-5 participated in this study. A qualitative methodology was adopted in this research to answer three research questions about how the participants work collaboratively, whether a gender difference exists in the process of 3D construction and how they think about learning in a 3D virtual environment. Based on the behavior patterns of these participants in a 3D world, the research findings revealed two types of collaboration: a team either with or a team without a strong leader. In addition, gender-related differences in this learning environment were also depicted in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-216
Number of pages13
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1



  • 3D virtual environment
  • Collaborative learning
  • Gender-related differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Engineering(all)

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