Gender differences in the associations between perceived environment and walking for recreation in Taiwanese adults

Yung Liao, Cheng Yi Lin, Jing Huei Huang, Jong Hwan Park

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2 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined gender differences in the associations between perceived environmental factors and walking for recreation in Taiwanese adults. In 2014, a telephone-based, cross-sectional survey targeting Taiwanese adults (20–64 years) was conducted. Data on nine items about environmental perception, time spent in walking for recreation, and socio-demographic variables were obtained from 1,065 adults using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-long version and its environmental module. Adults who perceived good aesthetics (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.36–2.23) and reported seeing people being active (AOR = 1.58; 95% CI: 1.21–2.06) were more likely to perform 150 minutes of recreational walking per week. Furthermore, significant interactions regarding walking for recreation were observed between gender and five environmental correlates: access to shops (p =.046), the presence of sidewalks (p <.001), access to recreational facilities (p =.02), seeing people being active (p =.001), and aesthetics (p <.001). These five perceived environmental factors were positively associated with recreational walking in women but not in men. Gender is a potential modifier between perceived environment and walking for recreation in adults. Perceived environmental factors appear to be more critical for women in performing health-enhancing levels of recreational walking than they are for men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-565
Number of pages15
JournalWomen and Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 28



  • Environmental perceptions
  • physical activity
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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