Gender Differences in Self-Regulated Online Learning During the COVID-19 Lockdown

Xiaohong Liu, Wei He, Li Zhao*, Jon Chao Hong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the spread of the epidemic around the world, online learning has received greater attention. Self-regulated learning (SRL) is an important factor for students to achieve academic success. This study investigated the gender differences in SRL and three sub-constructs of SRL in the context of online learning, that is the preparatory, performance, and appraisal phases. A total of 400 high school students (males = 125, females = 275) from China participated in this study. In order to identify whether there were gender differences in their self-regulated online learning (SROL), independent sample t-test was performed. The results showed that there were significant gender differences in the SROL (t = –3.334, p = 0.001 < 0.01, d = –0.410) and the three sub-constructs of SROL (preparatory: t = –0.702, p = 0.008 < 0.01, d = 0.018; performance: t = –3.801, p = 0.000 < 0.01, d = 0.456; appraisal: t = –3.120, p = 0.002 < 0.01, d = 0.361). The findings indicated that females performed better than males in all three dimensions of learners’ online self-regulated learning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number752131
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept 16
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • gender difference
  • high school students
  • online learning
  • self-regulated

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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