Gauss-Seidel-type methods for energy states of a multi-component Bose-Einstein condensate

Shu Ming Chang, Wen Wei Lin*, Shih Feng Shieh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose two iterative methods, a Jacobi-type iteration (JI) and a Gauss-Seidel-type iteration (GSI), for the computation of energy states of the time-independent vector Gross-Pitaevskii equation (VGPE) which describes a multi-component Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). A discretization of the VGPE leads to a nonlinear algebraic eigen-value problem (NAEP). We prove that the GSI method converges locally and linearly to a solution of the NAEP if and only if the associated minimized energy functional problem has a strictly local minimum. The GSI method can thus be used to compute ground states and positive bound states, as well as the corresponding energies of a multi-component BEC. Numerical experience shows that the GSI converges much faster than JI and converges globally within 10-20 steps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-390
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Gauss-Seidel-type iteration
  • Gross-Pitaevskii equation
  • Multi-component Bose-Einstein condensate
  • Nonlinear eigenvalue problem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Gauss-Seidel-type methods for energy states of a multi-component Bose-Einstein condensate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this