Free radical reactions to generate alkenes and/or ionic reactions to generate hydroximoyl chlorides when ß-nitrostyrenes react with triethylaluminium or diethylaluminium chloride

Cheng Ming Chu, Ju Tsung Liu, Wen Wei Lin, Ching Fa Yao

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Abstract

ß-Nitrostyrenes l react with triethylaluminium or diethylaluminium chloride in diethyl ether solution and under nitrogen or argon to generate the alkenes 2 and the hydroximoyl chlorides 3 after work-up with ice-cold, cone, hydrochloric acid. The formation of the alkenes 2 is proposed to be a free-radical reaction via NO2/alkyl substitution since the yields of the alkenes 2 are increased in the presence of benzoyl peroxide (Bz2O2) and decreased in the presence of galvinoxyl. Only the alkenes 2 are produced with a high stereoselectivity for the E isomers when ß-nitrostyrenes react with triethylaluminium in the presence of one to two equivalents of Bz2O2 as free-radical initiator.. The mechanism of the generation of the hydroximoyl chlorides 3 is proposed to proceed through a 1,4-addition pathway to produce nitronates A, then the protonated nitronates B or the nitroso cations C are trapped by chloride ion to form the final products. The yields of compounds 3 are also improved by the presence of Lewis acids such as MgCl2. Medium to high yields of the hydroximoyl chlorides 3 and traces or low yields of the alkenes 2 are generated when triethylaluminium or diethylaluminium chloride react with ß-nitrostyrenes in the presence of three equivalents of MgCl2 under argon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society - Perkin Transactions 1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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