Formic Acid Generation from CO2 Reduction by MOF-253 Coordinated Transition Metal Complexes: A Computational Chemistry Perspective

Meng Chi Hsieh, Ranganathan Krishnan, Ming Kang Tsai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The inclusion of transition metal elements within metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) is considered one of the most promising approaches for enhancing the catalytic capability of MOFs. In this study, MOF-253 containing bipyridine coordination sites is investigated for possible transition metal chelation, and a consequent possible CO2 reduction mechanism in the formation of formic acid. All transition metal elements of the third, fourth and fifth periods except hafnium and the lanthanide series are considered using density functional theory calculations. Two distinct types of CO2 reduction mechanisms are identified: (1) the five-coordination Pd center, which promotes formic acid generation via an intramolecular proton transfer pathway; (2) several four-coordination metal centers, including Mn, Pd, and Pt, which generate formic acid by means of heterolytic hydrogen activation. The MOF-253 environment is found to promote beneficial steric hindrance, and to constrain metal–ligand orientation, which consequently facilitates the formation of formic acid, particularly with the tetrahedral Mn center at high-spin electronic state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number890
JournalCatalysts
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

Keywords

  • carbon dioxide reduction
  • density functional theory
  • metal-organic framework
  • transition metal catalysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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