Formation of surface alloys and related applications

C. H.T. Chang, P. C. Jiang, Y. T. Chow, J. S. Tsay*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


Slow entropy-driven diffusion at ordinary temperatures opens an opportunity to produce an alloy with a certain concentration of the depositing element on the surface of a material. Experimental evidence exists to show that certain bulk immiscible elements can also form surface alloys. Since surface alloying is a promising process for modifying the surface properties of a material, the development of surface alloys is of considerable interest in various areas. In this article, the kinetics of surface alloy formations as well as related applications are reviewed. The determination of energy barriers for surface atoms in the alloying processes is discussed. Examples of applications include the semiconductor industry, magnetic recordings, heterogeneous catalysis, and energy production.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry
Subtitle of host publicationSurface Science and Electrochemistry
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780128098943
ISBN (Print)9780128097397
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1


  • Fuel cell
  • Kinetics
  • Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED)
  • Magnetic recording
  • Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM)
  • Surface alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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